Impact of Cigarette Addict – Cigarettes are rolled tobacco wrapped in paper. The danger of smoking can damage the organs of the body. Active and passive smokers can lurk health because they contain excess chemicals that can harm the body. Smoking is a bad habit that has the potential to damage organs and cause various deadly diseases. The pleasure of smoking is not proportional to the danger to health. The effects of a lifestyle like this do not occur immediately, but over time, various substances contained in it will damage and harm the body.
WHO said in a 2017 report. About 80 percent of the world’s smokers live in low- and middle-income countries and 226 million of them are considered poor. China ranks highest with about 315 million smokers, and they consume more than a third of the world’s cigarettes. Meanwhile, Indonesia occupies the largest percentage of the population as smokers in the world: 76 percent of men aged over 15 years are recorded as smokers.
According to the Southeast Asia Tobacco Control Alliance or SEATCA report compiled by Databoks, it shows that Indonesia is the country with the highest number of smokers in Southeast Asia. The number reached 34% of the total population of Indonesia in 2016. The data also shows that 79.8% of smokers in Indonesia buy cigarettes at kiosks, stalls, and minimarkets. While the remaining 17.6% buy it in supermarkets.
The dangers of smoking for health
Cancer is often used as an abbreviation for “Dry bag”, but this is not what it means. Although smoking can increase the cost of living for its use, the harmful effects actually lurk on the health of users and people who are exposed to cigarette smoke in the vicinity.
This is because there are more than 60 chemicals contained in each cigarette, which can increase free radicals in the body that trigger abnormal cell growth.
Long-term effects such as lung cancer, mouth, larynx (voice box), pharynx (throat), esophagus, kidney, cervix, liver, bladder, pancreas stomach, colon (12 fingers intestine).
2. Heart disease
One habit that greatly contributes to heart disease is smoking. These heart problems include atherosclerosis and peripheral artery disease.
Atherosclerosis occurs when there is a buildup of plaque in the blood vessels. This buildup of plaque blocks the flow of blood so that it can be fatal. Meanwhile, peripheral artery disease occurs when the arteries in the legs and arms narrow, which also impairs blood flow.
3. High Cholesterol
Smoking can reduce levels of good cholesterol (HDL) in the body. Conversely, levels of bad cholesterol (LDL) will also increase. Smoking also increases total cholesterol and triglyceride levels, which is the same as accumulating fat in the body.
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4. Diabetes complications
Type 2 diabetics who smoke are more likely to experience complications from the disease. Because smoking increases insulin resistance. In addition, the risk of other problems can also occur if you still smoke while suffering from diabetes, such as kidney problems, eye problems, and heart attacks.
Active smokers are more at risk of developing diabetes than those who do not smoke, or are not exposed to secondhand smoke. This is because, the nicotine content in each cigarette, then the smoke produced from burning cigarettes makes blood sugar levels too high or too low.
In addition, nicotine also changes chemical processes in cells so that insulin resistance occurs, or a condition when cells cannot use blood sugar properly, due to the disruption of the body’s response to insulin. When insulin is disrupted due to smoking, blood sugar levels become out of control. If continued, this condition can increase diabetes complications, such as heart problems, kidney, nerve, and eye damage.
6. Pregnancy and Fetal Disorders
Pregnant women who smoke or are exposed to secondhand smoke will be very dangerous for the fetus they are carrying. If pregnant women are often exposed to cigarette smoke, the growth of the baby they are carrying will be stunted. This is because the nicotine in cigarettes can prevent the placenta from absorbing nutrients and oxygen to the baby. Then the risk of giving birth to babies with lower body weight, and other disease disorders. While the harmful effects for women who smoke, both active and passive, are infertility or infertility.
7. Erectile Dysfunction
In addition to the obstruction of blood flow to the heart and brain, because of the harmful content of cigarette smoke. Blood circulation to vital organs or the penis can also be disrupted. Blocked blood flow to vital organs also triggers erectile dysfunction. The dangers of smoking for men can also reduce sperm quality, which has been a factor in infertility problems.
So, the conclusion of the dangers of smoking should be realized early on before it’s too late. Keep bad habits, such as smoking, away from children and adolescents. Because healthy is expensive.